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Oct 2020

Type 2 Diabetes


According to Diabetes Canada, one in three Canadians has diabetes or prediabetes. This tool is designed to help primary care providers prescribe and manage non-insulin pharmacotherapy for patients living with type 2 diabetes.

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About the tool

This tool is designed to support primary care providers prescribe and manage non-insulin pharmacotherapy for patients living with type 2 diabetes. It is an update of the original Achieving Glycemic Control in Type 2 Diabetes Tool, released in 2012. It aims to support primary care provider individualize:

  • A1c targets for their patients; relaxing or intensifying, when suitable.
  • Choice of anti-hyperglycemic treatment according to proven benefit, harm, convenience, patient preferences and cost.

The Type 2 Diabetes: Non-Insulin Pharmacotherapy Tool was developed using the Centre for Effective Practice’s (CEP’s) integrated knowledge translation approach. This approach ensures that providers are engaged throughout the development processes through the application of user-centred design methodology. Clinical leadership of the resource was provided by Dr. Risa Bordman. End users and clinical experts were also engaged to provide feedback.

The tool is one of several clinical tools developed as part of the Knowledge Translation in Primary Care Initiative. It was developed in collaboration with the Nurse Practitioners’ Association of Ontario (NPAO). Funded by the Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care, the initiative supports primary care providers with the development of a series of clinical tools and health information resources. Learn more about the Knowledge Translation in Primary Care Initiative (KTinPC).

Please note: Dr. Risa Bordman is clinical lead for the Type 2 Diabetes: Non-Insulin Pharmacotherapy Tool. A separate group of providers were involved in the development of the Managing Type 2 Diabetes During COVID-19 Tool - learn more about this group here.

Clinical lead

  • Risa Bordman


    Dr. Risa Bordman is a family physician and palliative care clinician in Toronto. She has extensive experience in research and education and is an Associate Professor at The University of Toronto and McMaster University. She is the Residency Program Director at the Foundation for Medical Practice Education, Faculty Development lead for the Office of Education Scholarship at the University of Toronto and Co-chair Palliative Care Education Committee, Division of Palliative Care, University of Toronto.

End user and expert feedback

End users and a group of clinical experts were engaged to provide feedback throughout the development of this tool.

Thank you

Thank you to everyone who supported the development of these resources!


Additional resources

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